HCPLive Network

Poor Sleep Connected to Obesity, Diabetes, and Heart Disease

Poor Sleep Connected to Obesity, Diabetes, and Heart DiseasePoor sleep is connected to a significantly increased risk for major cardiovascular and metabolic disorders, such as obesity, diabetes, and coronary artery disease, researchers at the University of Pennsylvania’s Perelman School of Medicine have found.

The researchers studied data on 138,201 individuals from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, an annual telephone survey carried out by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. After adjusting for demographic, socioeconomic, medical, and psychological factors, they found that patients who suffered sleep disturbances at least three nights per week were 35% more likely to be obese, 54% more likely to have diabetes, 98% more likely to have coronary artery disease, 80% more likely to suffer a heart attack, and 102% more likely to have a stroke.

“Previous studies have demonstrated that those who get less sleep are more likely to also be obese, have diabetes or cardiovascular disease, and are more likely to die sooner, but this new analysis has revealed that other sleep problems, such as difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, or even too much sleep, are also associated with cardiovascular and metabolic health issues,” the study’s lead author, Michael A. Grandner, PhD, said in a press release.

The researchers added that future studies should focus on whether sleep intervention has the potential to reduce the cardiometabolic consequences of sleep disturbance.

The study was published online ahead of print last month in the Journal of Sleep Research.

Further Reading
In addition to traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors, in patients with type 2 diabetes, coronary artery calcium predicts the risk of cardiovascular death, according to a study published online Dec. 10 in Diabetes Care.
Patients with moderate-to-severe obstructive sleep apnea have endothelial dysfunction and arterial stiffness similar to patients with diabetes, indicative of an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, according to a study presented at the European Society of Cardiology's EUROECHO & other Imaging Modalities 2012, held from Dec. 5 to 8 in Athens, Greece.
For women, snoring is associated with a modest increased risk of stroke, coronary heart disease, and cardiovascular disease, according to a study published in the Feb. 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.
Growing evidence suggests increased cardiovascular risk in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) — in particular nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASN) — but no data exists to support a specific management approach.
A new magnetic resonance imaging-based technique can better identify increases in coronary vessel wall thickness in people at risk for coronary artery disease, according to a study published online Oct. 9 in Radiology.
A retrospective review of records from a large medical database finds that patients with sleep apnea face a substantially higher risk of developing peptic ulcer.
More Reading