HCPLive Network

The American Diabetes Burden

Newly available results from a study conducted by epidemiologists from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) show that almost 13 percent of people 20 years old and over have diabetes, with 40 percent of those people unaware that they have it.

The study results have been published in the February 2009 issue of Diabetes Care. The data for the study was taken from the 2005-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, more commonly referred to as NHANES. Data from 7,267 participants age 12 and older were analyzed. Participants were interviewed in their homes, took a physical exam, and a subset of them had a fasting blood glucose test (FBG) and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) as well. The information was then compared to the NHANES survey conducted from 1988-1994. Additional findings from the survey:

• The rate of diagnosed diabetes increased between the surveys, but the prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes and pre-diabetes remained relatively stable.
• Minority groups continue to bear a disproportionate burden. The prevalence of diabetes, both diagnosed and undiagnosed, in non-Hispanic blacks and Mexican- Americans is about 70 to 80 percent higher than that of non-Hispanic whites.
• Diabetes prevalence was virtually the same in men and women, as was the proportion of undiagnosed cases.
• Pre-diabetes is more common in men than in women (36 percent compared to 23 percent).
• Diabetes is rare in youth ages 12 to 19 years, but about 16 percent have pre-diabetes.

“These findings have grave implications for our health care system, which is already struggling to provide care for millions of diabetes patients, many of whom belong to vulnerable groups, such as the elderly or minorities,” said Griffin P. Rodgers, MD, director of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), in a press release. “Of paramount importance is the need to curb the obesity epidemic, which is the main factor driving the rise in type 2 diabetes.”

For more information, please click here.
Further Reading
As the 2 Americans stricken with Ebola continue to receive treatment in Atlanta, a new potential case of the deadly virus has been reported in California.
There has been a shift from inpatient to outpatient surgery for commonly performed urological procedures, which has coincided with increasing rates of failure to rescue mortality, according to a study published online Aug. 19 in BJU International.
New research about food allergies that can trigger severe reactions such as anaphylaxis has shown that cooking some foods can prevent attacks and help build tolerance.
Many control psoriasis-ridden skin only to find traces of discolored patches in its wake. A study by the Milstein Medical Research Program at The Rockefeller University has uncovered the correlation between skin discoloration and psoriasis, providing opportunities of treatment for pigmentation changes within eczema and acne as well.
A new chart comparing life spans of men and women along with their mid-career incomes finds the more money a person has, the longer they are likely to live.
Newborn screening programs in the United States have identified severe combined immunodeficiency in one in 58,000, with high survival seen in SCID-affected infants, according to a study published in the Aug. 20 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Physicians and health care providers must be aware of their potential liability when ordering screening tests, according to an article published July 24 in Medical Economics.
More Reading