In Europe and the United States, more than 3 million people suffer from either Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis, and while they are becoming more common diagnoses, the root causes and triggers are not completely clear to researchers.
Prebiotics and probiotics have been discussed frequently in the media for supposedly improving overall health, especially diseases related to the gut. However, the evidence on the efficacy and use of these dietary supplements is rather complicated.
Low plasma levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D are associated with an increased risk of cancer in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases, according to a study published in the May issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.
Though constipation as a side effect of opioid therapy is generally considered a tolerability issue that can be treated with over-the-counter laxatives, opioid-induced constipation may still lead to serious gastrointestinal complications.