Major depressive episodes (MDEs) have physical symptoms such as anhedonia, anorexia and weight loss—all of which can be triggered by activation of the immune system.In a report in JAMA Psychiatry Elaine Setiawan, PhD and colleagues said their research shows that translocator protein density intensifies during an MDE, and that shows brain inflammation.They measured translocator protein by distribution volume (TSPOVt) assessed through PET scans.
For postmenopausal women with pre- and stage 1-hypertension, daily blueberry consumption may reduce blood pressure and arterial stiffness, according to a study published online Jan. 7 in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.
Alzheimer ’s disease (AD) has a long preclinical phase in which pathology develops years or decades before clinical symptoms. In study in JAMA Psychiatry, Robert Pietrzak, PhD, MPH and colleagues report that depression, anxiety and cognitive decline are associated with presence of Amyloidβ but that patients will benefit if their depression and anxiety are treated.
Everyone involved in the care of a child diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) wants to know that child’s long-term prognosis.
In a study in JAMA Psychiatry Peter Szatmari, MD reports on his study of 421 newly diagnosed preschoolers in a Canadian multisite longitudinal study. Data were collected over 4 years, until each child was age 6.The author found that there are several trajectories ASD can take.
According to findings presented at the 2014 Probiotics Throughout the Lifespan Symposium, there may be a relationship between 2 types of gut bacterium and multiple sclerosis (MS) development.
Since children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) may also have epileptic disorders, physicians usually want electroencephalograms (EEGs) of their brains.One sign of autism is staring spells. That can also be a form of epilepsy, an absence seizure.But an Australian study of children referred for these episodes showed EEGs offer little diagnostic benefit.