HCPLive

Infants Comprehend Some Words As Early As 6 Months

Infants already know the meanings of several common words at 6 months of age, according to a study published online Feb. 13 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Elika Bergelson and Daniel Swingley, Ph.D., from the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, presented 6- to 9-month old infants with sets of pictures to view while their parent named a picture in each set.

The researchers found that, over the entire age range, infants directed their gaze to the named pictures, indicating their understanding of spoken words. According to the investigators, because the study involved no word training in the laboratory, the results show that even young infants learn ordinary words through daily experience with language.

"The precocious discovery of word meanings suggests a perspective in which learning vocabulary and learning the sound structure of spoken language go hand in hand as language acquisition begins," the authors write.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Copyright © 2012 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Most Popular

Recommended Reading

Two days after the US Food and Drug Administration announced that testosterone replacement products must now carry warning labels on the risks of heart attack and stroke, 2 researchers presented abstracts of studies indicating that there is no such danger. The studies were publicized by the American College of Cardiology and will be presented in detail at the group's upcoming meeting in San Diego, CA.
In many states the sale of electronic cigarettes is not as regulated as the more traditional method making it an option for many young potential users.
With the numbers of children suffering from food allergies and asthma on the rise research has turned to the inside of the body to look for clues about a possible treatment.
Drinking 3-5 cups of coffee a day may reduce the risk of developing coronary atherosclerosis, which in turn might reduce the risk for heart attack or stroke, a new study suggests. The report was published online March 2 in Heart.
$vAR$