HCPLive Network

Internal Medicine World Report

Pulmonology
Is Time to First Morning Cigarette a Good Marker of Lung Cancer Risk?
By Jackie Syrop
Using the metric of time to first cigarette after waking was found to help improve efficiency and reduce false-positive detection in lung cancer screening, a new case-control study suggests.
New Classification System for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Reflects Updated Assessment and Therapy
By Jackie Syrop
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is the third leading cause of death in the United States, and of the top 5 causes of death, it is the only one that increased in incidence between 2007 and 2010, and our understanding of how to assess, manage, and treat COPD has advanced significantly over the past decade.
Low Dose Computed Tomography Scanning for Patients at risk for Lung Cancer
By Kenneth Goldblatt, MD
The leading cause of cancer related deaths in both men and women is lung cancer. The 5-year survival rate of lung cancer is only 16%, as 75% of patients with lung cancer are presented with symptoms of advanced disease.
Gastroenterology
Analyzing Antimicrobial Resistance of C. difficile Isolates
By Laura Joszt
Although ribotype 027 remains a significant cause of C. difficile infection, other strain types are gaining in prevalence, according to a study published in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy.
Recommendations to Screen for Hepatitis B
By Laura Joszt
While the US Preventive Services Task Force does not recommend screening for hepatitis B virus infection in asymptomatic persons in the general population, a recent update focuses on identifying those who are high risk and should be screened.
Probiotics Ineffective in Preventing Antibiotic-associated Diarrhea in Elderly
By Laura Joszt
Although previous research has found probiotics can prevent antibiotic-associated diarrhea and Clostridium difficile diarrhea, a study from researchers in the United Kingdom and Germany reported contradicting results.
Rheumatology
The Value of Imaging Studies for Acute, Nonspecific Low Back Pain
By Adam Hochron
When a patient arrives at a hospital or other urgent care center, there are seemingly endless tests that can be undertaken to appropriately diagnose the patient. A recent study reviewed the necessity of some tests, particularly in regard to acute, nonspecific lower back pain.
Prioritization of Patient-centered Comparative Effectiveness Research for Osteoarthritis
By Adam Hochron
As the life expectancy of patients continues to grow, healthcare professionals are seeing a rise in cases of osteoarthritis in their case files and are charged with discovering the best treatment possible for them.
A Closer Look at Thiazides as Treatment for Hypertension for Patients with Gout
By Adam Hochron
For patients with hypertension, finding the right course of treatment can be critically important especially when other health factors are taken into consideration.
Infectious Disease
Antiretroviral Therapy Effective at Preventing Transmission in HIV Divergent Couples
By Jacquelyn Gray
Among couples with an HIV-positive member, a study in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews deemed antiretroviral therapy effective at preventing HIV transmission to the HIV-negative partner.
Medicare Costs Associated with Controversial Hepatitis C Drug Examined
By Jacquelyn Gray
The costs of Medicare associated with Sovaldi (sofosbuvir), an emerging hepatitis C drug, will vary depending on how many people are given the treatment, a blog in Health Affairs found.
Updated Guidelines for Clinicians to Prevent HIV Transmission
By Jacquelyn Gray
The International Antiviral Society–USA Panel has released its 2014 report, which provided clinical recommendations to stop HIV transmission.
Pain Management
Telecare Shows Benefits in Treatment of Patients with Chronic Pain
By Adam Hochron
As the practice of telecare continues to gain momentum, a group of researchers conducted a study to test how effective that course of treatment is in patients with chronic illnesses.
Swelling and Pain After a K-9 Encounter
By Adam Hochron
When a patient gets bitten by a dog, there can be many issues doctors need to confront as treatment begins. Two doctors shared their experiences of a patient who was bitten by a dog and still had symptoms including swelling and pain 2 weeks after his K-9 encounter.
Psychiatry
Intravenous Ketamine Treatment Can Reduce Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms
By Rachel Lutz
Post-traumatic stress disorder and depressive symptoms may be reduced with intravenous ketamine, according to research published in JAMA Psychiatry.
Supportive Social Networks Lower Risk of Male Suicide
By Rachel Lutz
Men who are socially well-integrated show more than a 2-fold reduced risk of suicide, according to a longitudinal study published in the Annals of Internal Medicine.
Risks of Marijuana Analyzed by National Institute on Drug Abuse
By Rachel Lutz
The risks of marijuana are greatest for teen users, according to an analysis of current data from the National Institute on Drug Abuse published June 5, 2014 in The New England Journal of Medicine.