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Surgery

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Another "Yes" Vote for Shortening Perioperative Antibiotic Prophylaxis
Generally, surgeons are gravitating toward shorter courses of antibiotics for surgical prophylaxis to reduce toxicity, selection of resistant organisms, Clostridium difficile infection, and cost.
Are Medicare Patients Waiting Too Long for Melanoma Removal?
Most oncologists recommend removing melanomas within 4 to 6 weeks of diagnostic biopsy. Researchers have analyzed Medicare’s database to determine how quickly the highest risk population (elderly people) have melanomas removed. Their findings indicate 20 percent wait more than 1.5 months to have the malignancy removed, and roughly 8 percent wait longer than 3 months.
Surgical Treatment of Acute Compartment Syndrome
Acute compartment syndrome is a surgical emergency of increased pressure within one of the body's muscle- and nerve-containing compartments, usually in the leg or arm. It occurs when accumulation of necrotic debris and hemorrhage (especially after fracture) increases intra-compartmental pressure, and that pressure exceeds the interstitium’s capillary perfusion pressure.
Weaning Transplant Patients from Immunosuppressive Drugs
The assumption used to be that after a liver transplant patients would need to take immunosuppressive drugs for years, even for life. A team of German researchers say that for about half of adult patients, that is no longer true.
Weighing Liver Transplants for Polycystic Patients
One cure for polycystic liver disease is a liver transplant—but since the disease is not fatal (the liver continues to do its job despite the problems the condition causes for patients), physicians face a treatment dilemma. A Belgian team offers an objective way to make the decision.
Inflammatory Abdominal Aortic Aneurism: Still a Quandary
For inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm, is open surgery or endovascular repair a better choice?

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