In light of the fact that many physicians continue to rely on observational analysis and patient self-reporting to monitor opioid addiction or misuse, results from a scientific poster reinforced the benefits of routine urine drug testing in improving compliance with prescribed opioid medications and ultimately enhancing pain care.
The top five tests, treatments, and/or disposition decisions that are of little value in emergency medicine have been identified, according to research published online Feb. 17 in JAMA: Internal Medicine.
The likelihood of experiencing worse pain at six months post-surgery is increased with a waiting time of 12 weeks or more for elective surgical lumbar discectomy, according to a study published in the Dec. 1 issue of The Spine Journal.
Evidence-based clinical guidelines have been developed for management of lumbar disc herniation with radiculopathy; the guidelines have been published in the Jan. 1 issue of The Spine Journal.
For patients with lumbar spondylolisthesis, decompressive laminectomy and spinal arthrodesis is associated with lower reoperation rates, but with higher complication rates and higher overall costs than laminectomy alone, according to a study published in the Nov. 6 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.
The nerve root sedimentation sign, seen on magnetic resonance images, can differentiate lumbar spinal stenosis from asymptomatic controls, according to a study published in the Nov. 15 issue of Spine.