In light of the fact that many physicians continue to rely on observational analysis and patient self-reporting to monitor opioid addiction or misuse, results from a scientific poster reinforced the benefits of routine urine drug testing in improving compliance with prescribed opioid medications and ultimately enhancing pain care.
For adults at high cardiovascular risk with impaired glucose tolerance, baseline and change in objectively-assessed ambulatory activity are associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular events, according to a study published online Dec. 20 in The Lancet.
Age at first childbirth is associated with the risk of diabetes in postmenopausal women, according to a study published online Nov. 15 in Diabetes Care.
Although they had more cardiovascular comorbidities, patients with atrial fibrillation and diabetes experienced rates of ischemic stroke comparable to those in AF patients without diabetes.
For male veterans with epilepsy taking antiepileptic drugs, calcium and vitamin D supplementation improve bone mineral density, with added benefits seen with addition of risedronate, according to a study published in the November issue of Epilepsia.
A pre-hospital transfusion of plasma and red blood cells rather than saline after trauma is associated with a lower risk of death in the first six hours after admission as well as improved coagulation status, according to a study presented at the American Heart Association's 2013 Scientific Sessions, held from Nov. 16 to 19 in Dallas, TX.