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From the Literature: Adult ADHD

Summaries of the findings from seven recent studies looking at adult ADHD, with links to the full abstracts.

Among obese patients who are seeking weight-related treatment, attention-related problems are common and represent a significant barrier to weight control.


ADHD Linked to Obesity and Hypertension in Early Adulthood

Adult body mass index (BMI) and change in BMI from adolescence to adulthood are both associated with self-reported ADHD symptoms.


Best Practices in Diagnosing and Treating Adult ADHD

Based on population-prevalence data, nurse practitioners diagnose and treat adult ADHD at levels that are far below expected. Further, although those who suspected ADHD used appropriate diagnostic and treatment methods, more education is warranted for increasing confidence in nonpsychiatric nurse practitioners for improving targeted diagnosis and treatment.


Cognitive Development in Adults with ADHD

It appears that across the life cycle the association between ADHD and cognition neither deteriorates nor improves.


Gray Matter Abnormalities in Adults with ADHD

In the brains of adults with ADHD, volumetric abnormalities might be less pronounced than abnormalities in the brains of adolescents and children.


Structure and Diagnosis of Adult ADHD

Among those with childhood ADHD symptoms who continue to meet DSM-IV criteria for ADHD into adulthood, inattention has a much greater persistence than hyperactivity/impulsivity. However, inattention is not specific to ADHD, as it is strongly associated with other adult mental disorders. What’s more, executive functioning issues are specific and consistently important predictors of adult ADHD despite inclusion in the DSM-IV.


Young Adults with ADHD and Intimate Partner Violence

Even after controlling for conduct disorder—consistently associated with violence in intimate relationships—an association exists between ADHD and intimate partner violence, suggesting that service and treatment strategies are needed that address risk for violence and healthy intimate relationships among those with conduct disorder and ADHD.