To truly take charge of your finances, you first must have a realistic snapshot of where you stand. This guide will help you accomplish that goal.
So you made your New Year’s resolutions last December, but I’ll wager you probably won’t follow through with many of them, especially the ones dealing with money. One reason may be that you just don’t know where to begin. The ï¬rst step I recommend is to create your personal balance sheet, which is an inventory of everything you own and everything you owe.
Let’s see how this works:
Assets (Everything You Own)
I usually like to break this down into three categories:
Cash assets: This includes everything from checking accounts, savings accounts, money market accounts, emergency fund, and equivalents such as bank CDs for short term goals Investment and retirement assets (includes all of your investment accounts for you and your spouse such as: 401(k), proï¬t sharing, 403(b), 457, traditional IRAs, Roth IRAs, deï¬ned beneï¬t plans, pension plans, taxable brokerage accounts, partnership interests, and illiquid investments)
Business interests: Includes ownership interests in medical practices and other ventures
Tangible assets: Home (primary residence), cars, rental homes, land, and any other major assets
You’ll have to list the market value of all of those assets and also notate other important items such as percent ownership and interest rates.
Debt (Everything You Owe)
Separate this into two categories:
Short Term Debt: This includes credit card balances (though you can exclude this if you pay them off every month. If you don’t, shame on you!) and any loans you will pay off within one year.
Long Term Debt: This includes student loans, mortgages, business loans, and any other debt you think you’ll pay off more than one year from now
Just like the list of assets, document the balances and other important items such as interest rates, terms of the debt, original loan balances.
Net Worth (Stock In Yourself)
Add up the value of all your assets and subtract the value of all of your debt and you’ve got the bottom line — equity in yourself or net worth. In my opinion this is a better measure of wealth than your investment portfolio. It can also be a big wake up call. While you might be “worthless” in the ï¬rst few years after graduating from residency, my very nonscientiï¬c rule is that your net worth should be at least $1 million a decade after passing your board exam. If it’s not, you’ve made some serious mistakes and need a kick in the pants to get you moving in the right direction.
Finally note that you need to update all of the above periodically, and if you’ve hired a ï¬nancial advisor, he should be doing this for you rather than just looking at your investment portfolio. Here’s a sample of what this looks like:
That should be a great start to organizing your ï¬nances. One more piece of advice: Don’t do this exercise while you’re working in the hospital or in your clinic because a patient might think you’re a “rich” doctor, though you can easily remedy that by only showing the “Debt” column.
Setu Mazumdar, MD, CFP® is board certiï¬ed in EM and he is the President of Financial Planner For Doctors.