New Pediatric Codes Focus on Vaccine Administration

Some of the changes included in the 2011 AMA CPT manual include codes for reporting administration of vaccines to children, says the AAFP.

The annual revision of the American Medical Association's (AMA) CPT manual holds some positive changes for family physicians and their patients, including new CPT codes for reporting administration of vaccines to children, according to an article published on the American Academy of Family Physicians website.

As of Jan. 1, 2011, physicians can use the following CPT codes, according to the AMA’s CPT 2011:

  • 90460: for administration of immunizations to children through age 18 via any route of administration, with counseling provided by a physician or other qualified health care professional for the first vaccine or toxoid component
  • 90461: for each additional vaccine or toxoid component that is listed separately and is in addition to the code for the primary procedure

CPT defines a "component" as each antigen in a vaccine that prevents disease caused by one organism; combination vaccines contain multiple vaccine components.

Cynthia Hughes, CPC, an AAFP coding expert, called the updated codes for pediatric vaccines an encouraging step, adding that current code structures promote physician administration of individual vaccines and the reporting of multiple administration services. "Physicians are simply trying to recover the expenses they accrue when providing vaccines to patients," she said in the article.

The new pediatric vaccine administration codes take into account the professional time required to counsel parents or caregivers of children receiving the vaccine. That counseling includes an explanation of each component of a multiple-component vaccine. "The higher payment is intended to cover the cost of the physician's time to do that counseling," said Hughes.

The new CPT codes also will benefit families because combination vaccines cut down on the discomfort children face from multiple needle sticks and medical office encounters. "Any decrease in the number of required shots likely will encourage parents to get the recommended pediatric immunizations on schedule and increase compliance rates," said Hughes.

The AAFP has created new online resources to help family physicians code services accurately to receive appropriate payment.

To ensure that physicians aren't tripped up by nuances of the new codes, Hughes provided tips for their usage. For example, the new codes:

  • are limited to immunization administration (vaccines must be separately reported);
  • require a face-to-face visit so a physician or other qualified health professional can deliver the required counseling;
  • call for use of CPT code 90460 to report each separate administration of a single-component vaccine or the first component of a combination vaccine; and
  • allow for the use of CPT code 90461 for each additional component of a combination vaccine.

Hughes pointed out that in the case of combination vaccines, the modifier "-51" still is not required. She also assured physicians that the new codes cover vaccines that are administered by injection, orally or intranasally.

Additional CPT code changes for 2011, including how to report patient observation; time spent providing a service; maternity care; noninvasive vascular studies; incisions, excisions and debridement; and unattended sleep studies, will be reviewed in the January issue of Family Practice Management.

To read the AAFP article, click here.

Do you feel that the new vaccine administration codes are a step in the right direction in terms of taking into account the time required to counsel patients on receiving vaccines?