Running Out of Psychiatric Beds

A review of the benefits of psychiatric bed registries.

The following was originally posted to Shrink Rap.

I read today that Eastern Ontario has started a bed registry to keep track of where open psychiatric beds are available. This is something I've long advocated. The United States now has less than 10% of the beds it used to have 50 years ago. Granted, treatment has improved and community resources are enhanced. But there are still areas that often do not have a sufficient number of hospital beds for folks needing acute inpatient psychiatric care.

The Ontario story described in the Ottawa Citizen states that six of the area hospitals have been connected to a computerized "bed board" that provides real-time information on who has an appropriate bed available. This saves time in the ER and gets patients to needed treatment more quickly. Otherwise, calls need to be made to each individual hospital, which is very time-consuming.

And it is not uncommon for all the beds to be full. Last July there was an EMTALA complaint against a hospital in Maryland because a patient sat in the ER all weekend, and this hospital said they had no beds to admit the patient to. The Department of Health and Mental Hygiene investigated the complaint and found that, indeed, the hospital was full that weekend. The ER's record indicated that all the hospitals (except the state hospitals) were called that weekend and all indicated their beds were full. So, DHMH visited every hospital (about 28, I think) thinking that surely one of them had an empty bed they were hiding. What they discovered was that every single psychiatric bed in the state was full.

Unfortunately, we have no way of determining how often this happens, but we know if happens often enough.

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