As irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) remains a complicated condition to treat with an etiology that’s still unknown, it’s difficult for physicians to find the best proven therapies among new remedies and the variety of pharmacological and nondrug options they have been trying for years.
Growing evidence suggests increased cardiovascular risk in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) — in particular nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASN) — but no data exists to support a specific management approach.
Men who had attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) during childhood are at increased risk of obesity as adults.
Reductions in central adiposity and improved fitness are the most prominent predictors of changes in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) after exercise training in patients with type 2 diabetes.
For practices enrolled in the Guideline Advantage program that aims to reduce risks for chronic disease, there is considerable variation in hypertension and hyperlipidemia control and in tobacco screening.
Marijuana use is associated with lower levels of fasting insulin and insulin resistance and with smaller waist circumference.
In patients with inflammatory diseases without diabetes, treatment with low-dose prednisolone has deleterious effects on carbohydrate metabolism.
Inpatient management of patients with increasingly virulent community acquired and nosocomial infections, ranging from bacteremia to C. difficile colitis, presents hospitalists with challenging choices.
Moderate aerobic exercise prevents fructose-induced hypertriglyceridemia in healthy males.
Increased loading of the lumbar spine, arising from lifestyle activities (such as lifting heavy objects, more frequent pregnancy, and higher body mass index), could contribute to the degenerative process and lead to development of degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis (DLSS).