When teenage boys in Sweden were required to take part in the conscription process for the country's armed forces only a small percentage were considered overweight or obese. As a result researchers were able to make a connection between those patients and those who developed serious liver disease later in life.
Several prior studies have noted that Roux-Y gastric bypass surgery often leaves patients with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, but new research from Switzerland indicates that different flavors of the procedure expose patients to greatly different risks.
It was only a few months ago that research revealed that vitamin D can help inhibit replication of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and now the vitamin appears to contribute to treatment outcomes.
In the past, patients deemed obese (especially those who were morbidly obese) may have been passed over for a life-saving liver transplant. A recent study showed they may be just as viable candidates for the procedure as others in the patient population.
In non-diabetic patients, researchers have shown sirolimus-eluting stents to be more effective than paclitaxel-eluting stents, leading to better clinical outcomes. Some researchers believe that T2DM attenuates the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway. This could influence the choice of stents, and has created a controversy.
Severe hypoglycemia is a complication of insulin use that occurs in 20% of insulin-treated patients on a monthly basis. A small number of these patients become unconscious or seize as a result of severe hypoglycemia. Hospitals are prepared to intervene, but often in the community, a Good Samaritan needs to reconstitute and injection dry powder formulations of subcutaneous and intramuscular glucagon for unconscious or seizing patients.