Even if a chronic pain patient had been taking opioid medications exactly as prescribed, it would still be possible for the patient to experience negative cognitive and emotional responses to dose tapering that could amplify sensory pain and lead to opioid addiction.
For patients with schizophrenia, community-based care plus facility-based care is associated with a reduction in symptoms and disability over 12 months, according to a study published online March 5 in The Lancet.
For US health care facilities, participation in the World Health Organization global campaign to improve hand hygiene practices is associated with improved hand hygiene, according to a study published in the March issue of the American Journal of Infection Control.
For adults with type 2 diabetes and depression, cognitive behavioral therapy for adherence and depression is associated with enduring benefits for diabetes self-management and glycemic control, according to a study published in the March issue of Diabetes Care.
Human subjects protections policies do not provide regulatory coverage for all clinical trials, while up to about a quarter of trials are considered overlap trials, according to a research letter published in the March 5 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
The implementation of DSM-5 criteria will result in a decrease of autism spectrum disorder diagnoses, according to a meta-analysis published in the February issue of the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.
Interventions to encourage moving out of high-poverty neighborhoods are associated with increased rates of mental disorders in adolescent boys, but decreased rates of disorders among girls, according to a study published in the March 5 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Although fibromyalgia lacks an effective standardized treatment, one part of the problem is the condition’s diverse constellation of symptoms that include chronic widespread pain, fatigue, and even depression.
Major Depressive Disorder
Three new studies suggest that a sizeable percentage of American soldiers suffer from some type of mental health issue, at rates higher than those seen in the general population. The studies were published online March 3 in JAMA Psychiatry.
Among older moderate drinkers, those who sometimes engage in binge drinking have an increased total mortality risk compared with those who have a regular pattern of moderate drinking, according to research published online March 3 in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.