We evaluated the prognostic role of metabolic syndrome after myocardial infarction and found that metabolic syndrome correlated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events and death. The risk of developing diabetes decreased with weight loss in patients with metabolic syndrome. These results indicate that a more aggressive approach to the treatment of patients with metabolic syndrome, particularly with regard to changes in lifestyle, would be beneficial.
Our study aimed to clarify whether white-coat hypertension represents a transient state in the development of hypertension outside medical settings. We followed up 128 subjects with white-coat hypertension and compared their risk of progression to home hypertension with that of 649 sustained normotensive subjects. After 8 years of follow-up, subjects with white-coat hypertension had an approximately 3-fold higher risk of eventually manifesting home hypertension. We concluded that patients with white-coat hypertension should be carefully monitored.
We showed that a significant reduction in thoracic aortic plaques and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels occurred after 12 months of treatment with atorvastatin. In the abdominal aorta, however, the change in atherosclerotic plaques correlated with age. These results show that plaques in the thoracic and abdominal aortas may respond differently to lipid-lowering therapy, and other factors, such as aging, may be more important for plaque progression in the abdominal aorta.
The recent Management of Atherothrombosis with Clopidogrel in High-risk Patients Trial showed that adding acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) to clopidogrel in high-risk patients with recent ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack is associated with a favorable but nonstatistically significant trend toward fewer vascular events. However, the risk of life-threatening bleeding is increased by the addition of aspirin to clopidogrel. These results do not support the routine use of aspirin in addition to clopidogrel in the patient population that was studied in MATCH.
The negative results of the Management of Atherothrombosis with Clopidogrel in High-risk patients (MATCH) Trial1 are disappointing and surprising, but perhaps this can be said about the conduct of the trial itself.
We investigated 1209 patients with valvular and nonvalvular atrial fibrillation who were treated with standard anticoagulant therapy, the cyclooxygenase inhibitor triflusal, or combined therapy with triflusal and an anticoagulant. Compared with patients receiving standard anticoagulation treatment, the addition of antiplatelet therapy to reduced-intensity anticoagulation in patients stratified for risk of stroke significantly reduced the vascular event rate.