A new report provides guidance on managing food allergies at school and on the prevention and treatment of food-induced anaphylaxis.
Food allergy affects approximately 1 in 25 school-aged children and is a common trigger of anaphylaxis, a severe, potentially fatal, systemic allergic reaction. In a new report, the American Academy of Pediatrics provides guidance on managing food allergies at school and on the prevention and treatment of food-induced anaphylaxis.
Published in Pediatrics, the report includes guidance for pediatricians on diagnosing and documenting a potentially life-threatening food allergy; prescribing self-injectable epinephrine; helping the child learn how to store and use the medication in a responsible manner; and working with families, schools, and students in developing written plans to reduce the risk of anaphylaxis and to implement emergency treatment in the event of a reaction.
For children with potentially life-threatening food allergies, it is critical that families and physicians develop a personalized emergency action plan that provides the school with a list of foods to be avoided and possible substitutions.
In developing emergency plans, the AAP offers the following guidelines:
Finally, the report stresses that close communication between the pediatrician and allergist is a critical component for diagnosis and management of children with allergies. “Partnerships with students, families, school nurses, school physicians, and school staff are important for individualizing effective and practical care plans,” wrote the authors.
To access the Pediatrics study, click here.