Study results announced at the 11th European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology Spring Symposium show tofacitinib met its two primary efficacy endpoints.
Pfizer Inc. announced detailed results from the Oral treatment Psoriasis Trial (OPT) Retreatment study (A3921111), a Phase 3 study investigating tofacitinib for the treatment of adult patients with moderate-to-severe chronic plaque psoriasis. This three-period study showed that tofacitinib, as a 5 mg or 10 mg pill taken twice daily, met its two primary efficacy endpoints. The safety profile of tofacitinib in OPT Retreatment was consistent with previous studies and there were no new safety findings in this trial.
The first primary endpoint of OPT Retreatment evaluated the maintenance of clinical response in patients who remained on tofacitinib after an initial treatment phase compared to patients who were switched to placebo (withdrawal phase). The second primary endpoint examined patients who lost half of their original clinical response during the withdrawal phase, and measured the proportion of these patients who regained their original clinical response after restarting treatment with tofacitinib. Throughout the study, the efficacy response was measured by the proportion of subjects achieving a Physician’s Global Assessment (PGA) response of “clear” or “almost clear” skin and the proportion of subjects achieving at least a 75 per cent reduction in the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI75), two commonly used measures of efficacy in psoriasis.
“Psoriasis is a chronic disease that affects approximately two-to-three per cent of people worldwide, and there are times when patients with psoriasis may need to stop and restart therapy for medical or non-medical reasons, such as elective surgery or receipt of live immunizations,” said lead investigator Robert Bissonnette, managing director, Innovaderm Research, Montreal, QC, Canada. “The OPT Retreatment data showed that patients who stayed on therapy with tofacitinib maintained their rates of response and for those who stopped therapy, a proportion of patients were able to regain their original clinical response when retreated with tofacitinib.”
Tofacitinib, an oral Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor, is part of a new class of medicines in development for the treatment of moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis. Top-line results from OPT Retreatment were previously announced in October 2013, and the detailed results of this study were shown in an oral presentation during the 11th European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (EADV) Spring Symposium in Belgrade, Serbia.
OPT Retreatment was a Phase 3 randomized, double-blind, three-period, parallel group, placebo-controlled 56-week study. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of the withdrawal and retreatment with tofacitinib 5 mg and 10 mg twice daily compared to placebo in 674 adult patients with moderate-to-severe chronic plaque psoriasis. During the first period (24 weeks), which was a secondary endpoint of this study, patients were treated with either tofacitinib at a dose of 5 mg or 10 mg twice daily in a blinded manner. During this initial 24 weeks of treatment:
44 per cent and 68 per cent of patients who received tofacitinib 5 mg and 10 mg twice daily achieved at least a 75 per cent reduction in the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI75), respectively, and 42 per cent and 63 per cent of patients who received tofacitinib 5 mg and 10 mg twice daily achieved a PGA response of “clear” or “almost clear” skin, respectively.
The patients who achieved a PASI75 and PGA response were then randomised to either continue tofacitinib or switch to placebo for 16 weeks or until they lost half of their original PASI response to treatment, whichever occurred first. During this withdrawal period:
A statistically significantly greater proportion of patients who remained on both doses of tofacitinib maintained PASI75 and PGA responses relative to patients who were switched to placebo, and no patients experienced psoriasis rebound (rapidly spreading psoriasis after treatment withdrawal).
In the retreatment period, all patients resumed their original tofacitinib dose until week 56. After 16 weeks of restarting therapy with tofacitinib, the efficacy response was evaluated in the proportion of patients who lost half of their original PASI or PGA response during the withdrawal phase and showed that:
36.8 per cent and 61.0 per cent of patients who received tofacitinib 5 mg and 10 mg twice daily, respectively, achieved a PASI75; and 44.8 per cent and 57.1per cent of patients who received tofacitinib 5 mg and 10 mg twice daily, respectively, achieved a PGA of “clear” or “almost clear” skin.
The most common adverse events for all study periods were nasopharyngitis and upper respiratory tract infection. There was one cardiac-related death that occurred during the OPT Retreatment study at the 5 mg dose. However, in the opinion of the investigator, there was not a reasonable possibility that this death was related to tofacitinib.
OPT Retreatment is one of five studies from the Phase 3 OPT Clinical Trial Programme, one of the largest global clinical trial programmes in moderate-to-severe chronic plaque psoriasis to date. The results from this study will be included in the planned tofacitinib psoriasis submission package to regulatory authorities in various markets. Pfizer currently intends to submit a supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the approval of tofacitinib for the treatment of adults with moderate-to-severe chronic plaque psoriasis by early 2015.
Source: Pfizer Inc.