Treating Primary and Secondary Raynaud’s


In this slideshow, we summarize the difference between primary and secondary Raynaud’s phenomenon and recommended treatments.

Raynaud’s phenomenon affects up to five percent of the general population, but for 37 percent of people with the disorder, it leads to connective tissue disease. In this slideshow, we sum up identifying factors for primary Raynaud’s and secondary Raynaud’s as described by Fredrick M. Wigley, M.D., and Nicholas A. Flavahan, Ph.D., two Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine physicians who, on August 11, published a related review article in the New England Journal of Medicine. 


Fredrick M. Wigley, M.D., and Nicholas A. Flavahan, Ph.D. "Raynaud’s Phenomenon," N Engl J Med 2016; 375:556-565August 11, 2016DOI: 10.1056/NEJMra1507638

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