Cancer treatment presents a major financial burden to patients and their families. Whether patients have private health insurance, government insurance, or no insurance, medical and nonmedical costs quickly consume personal and family budgets.
The Ancient Indians were the fi rst to use pens around 5000 BCE. While these writing implements were primitive, typically consisting of hollowed out reeds that could hold a small amount of ink, which was generally soot in water with a plant gum binder, they were used for thousands of years and are still used today in certain parts of Pakistan.
Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) is one of the most common and most feared side effects of chemotherapy. When CINV occurs, it may decrease treatment compliance and result in nutritional deficiencies or dehydration, reduced performance status, and decreased quality of life.