Diabetes Pop Quiz: Esophageal Ups and Downs


What are some of the esophageal complications seen in patients with long-standing hyperglycemia?

Long-standing and poorly controlled diabetes can affect numerous organs, including the esophagus. Related gastrointestinal symptoms are most likely the result of diabetic gastrointestinal autonomic neuropathy.

Esophageal complications of diabetic neuropathy include all of the following except:

A. Impaired peristalsis
B. Decreased LES tone
C. Spontaneous esophageal contractions
D. Reduced LES relaxation
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