The selective inhibitor was previously approved to treat plaque psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis.
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved apremilast (Otezla) for the treatment of oral ulcers associated with Behçet’s Disease, a rare chronic multisystem inflammatory disease characterized by its hard-to-treat traits.
Apremilast, an oral selective phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitor was approved as a 30 mg twice-daily therapy for adult patients with the rare disease—which currently affects about 5 in 100,000 US residents.
Its approval was based on the efficacy and safety results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 3 RELIEF study, in which 207 previously-treated adult patients with Behçet’s Disease and active oral ulcers were treated with either therapy or placebo.
Patients administered apremilast reported a 42.7-point reduction from baseline ulcer pain, as per visual analog scale (VAS) at week 12, versus the 18.7-point reduction reported by patients on placebo.
More than half (52.9%) of treated patients reported an ulcer complete response at week 12, versus just 22.3% of the placebo arm. Treated patients reported a full day fewer average oral ulcer timeline (1.5) than the placebo arm (2.6).
The most common adverse events to have occurred in at least 10% of patients in the trial included diarrhea, nausea, headache, and upper respiratory tract infection. The observed safety profile was consistent with the known profile of apremilast.
With the indication, apremilast is now approved to treat moderate to severe plaque psoriasis who are candidates for phototherapy or systemic therapy, adult patients with active psoriatic arthritis, and adult patients with oral ulcers associated with Behçet’s Disease.
Yusuf Yazici, MD, clinical associate professor in the Department of Medicine at New York University Langone Health, explained that oral ulcers are an extremely common and debilitating manifestation in patients with Behçet’s Disease—one that negatively impacts patient quality of life.
“In the clinical trial, OTEZLA demonstrated improvements in measures of oral ulcers at week 12,” Yazici said in a statement. “OTEZLA has the potential to be a needed treatment option for U.S. patients and their physicians, who previously had limited options available.”