After successful trials in animal models, researchers say they will soon launch clinical trials of an eye drop to treat age-related macular degeneration.
Felicity de Cogan, PhD, MChem
A team of British scientists is making strides toward its goal of creating an eye drop capable of treating age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
The researchers say that following successful trials on rabbit and pig eyes, they are ready to move forward with trials on human eyes in 2019. The research team also says it has secured an investment from Macregen Inc., an American ophthalmology company, which has purchased the rights to the pending patents for the eye drops.
AMD will affect more than 200 million people globally by 2020, and it has become the leading cause of blindness in developed countries. Anti-vascular endothelial growth factors (anti-VEGF) have been approved to treat AMD for about 15 years and have made a life-changing impact for many patients. However, the treatment currently requires regular visits to the doctor’s office, where clinicians inject the medication directly into the eye.
Felicity de Cogan, PhD, MChem, a research fellow at the Institute of Microbiology and Infection at the University of Birmingham, said the ability to administer anti-VEGF therapies via eye drops would be a major improvement for patients.
“From the outset, we realized that delivering drugs through eye drops would mean that patients can administer their treatment themselves, and this would be less costly, save time for patients and healthcare providers, and reduce the potential complications that can arise from injections,” she said in a statement.
The central question of de Cogan’s research has been whether or not eye drops could successfully deliver the drug to the retina in the back of the eye. De Cogan and colleagues’ strategy has been to use a cell-penetrating peptide to deliver carry the drug to its intended target.
In research published last year, the team showed the eye drops succeeded in delivering the drug to the retinas of rats, but would need to be administered on a daily basis. Current injected forms of anti-VEGF therapies also require multiple doses, generally ranging from once per week to once every several weeks, depending on the specific drug and on how long the patient has been taking the therapy.
With that success, the team moved on to larger animals with eyes more similar to human eyes. By partnering with Macregen, de Cogan said, the researchers now have the funding to embark on a structured research and development program, beginning with clinical trials scheduled to start as soon as proof-of-concept studies are completed.
Robert Scott, MBBS, DM, a consultant ophthalmologist at the University of Birmingham, said peptides will be a game-changer.
“Cell-penetrating peptides will drive the next generation of treatment for people with AMD,” he said. “They will be transformative for patients who currently have to organize their lives around monthly clinic visits for uncomfortable intraocular injections, who will in the future have the convenience of self-administering their medical treatment.”
For its part, Macregen says it plans to pursue a range of novel treatments for AMD and other eye diseases. He said the company plans to make a “significant investment” in the research program, along with prospective strategic partners.
“We will also pursue the necessary and required regulatory programmes to make these eye drops available to patients,” added Macregen founder and chief technology officer Keith Roizman.