Pulmonary Medicine

Resident & Staff Physician®, December 2005, Volume 0, Issue 0

Prepared by Azam Ansari, MD, Staff Cardiologist, Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Abott Northwestern

Hospital, Minneapolis, Minn, and Ryan Devine, BS, Medical Student, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic

Medicine, Philadelphia, Pa

A 75-year-old white woman was evaluated for chronic cough and dyspnea on exertion. She was previously treated (at age 50 years) for pleurisy and chronic, unresolved pneumonia. Her sister was being treated elsewhere for severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The patient's spirometry measurements were: forced vital capacity (FVC), 1.9 L; forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), 1.1 L; FEV1 as a percentage of FVC, 57%; maximum ventilatory volume, 48 L/min. These measurements did not improve after bronchodilator therapy. She never smoked. The patient's electrocardiogram showed complete right bundle-branch block, and a 2-dimensional echocardiogram revealed severe tricuspid regurgitation. The right ventricular systolic pressure was estimated at 54 mm Hg. Her chest radiograph is shown (Figure).

What's Your Diagnosis?

What's the Diagnosis?

  • Tumor, right lower lobe
  • Bronchopneumonia, right lower lobe
  • Emphysema assoc. with a1-antitrypsin deficiency
  • Bronchogenic carcinoma, left hilum

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