Patient on Esketamine had Improved Depression, Fibromyalgia

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Treatment-resistant depression with intranasal esketamine was linked to improvements in major depressive disorder (MDD) symptoms and fibromyalgia pain in a 40-year-old female.

Patient on Esketamine had Improved Depression, Fibromyalgia

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Treatment-resistant depression with intranasal esketamine was linked to improvements in major depressive disorder (MDD) symptoms and fibromyalgia pain, a patient case showed.1

The US Food and Drug Administration approved esketamine (Spravato) for treatment-resistant depression and depressive symptoms in adults with MDD who had acute suicidal ideation in 2019.2

“Ketamine/esketamine have provided not just an alternative, but a treatment that works rapidly—within a day—and a treatment that’s able to actually help people with treatment-resistant depression,” Roger S. McIntryre, MD, professor of psychiatry and pharmacology at the University of Toronto, told HCPLive at the American Psychiatric Association (APA) 2022 Annual Meeting.3

Since then, the FDA warned using a compounded ketamine nasal spray to treat psychiatric disorders puts patients at risk.2 Esketamine may be derived from racemic ketamine, but it is safe to treaty psychiatric disorders. Although esketamine is approved for treatment-resistant depression, research suggests it can help other conditions, too.

After intranasal esketamine, a 40-year-old female on intranasal esketamine had incident improvements for both MDD and chronic fibromyalgia pain.1

She wasn’t the first patient to experience pain relief after esketamine. Another patient with treatment-resistant depression the investigators studied received remission for their chronic migraine headaches through 6 months of treatment. Other patients with treatment-resistant depression on esketamine experienced pain relief from pain syndromes such as diabetic peripheral neuropathy, lower back pain, and sciatica, on the day of dosing.

A study earlier this year found low dose esketamine improves acute postoperative pain in patients undergoing thoracoscopic surgery without increasing adverse events. Investigators of the study suggest the underlying mechanism may be linked to postoperative inflammation. In this study, the esketamine group had no decreased depression scores after the surgery.

However, for fibromyalgia pain, intranasal esketamine demonstrated to lessen the discomfort, as demonstrated by one patient’s case presented at the annual American Psychiatric Association (APA) 2024 conference. The patient had treatment-resistant depression, as well as anxiety, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), dysesthesia, poor concentration, low energy, and weight gain.

She tried many oral antidepressants and augmentation agents to alleviate depressive symptoms. Antidepressants helped symptoms a bit, but they were still inadequate.

Before her esketamine treatment, she took bupropion extended-release 450 mg and venlafaxine extended-release 225 mg daily. Her esketamine regimen started with an initial 56 mg dose on the first day to establish tolerability. Afterward, she received esketamine 84 mg intranasal twice weekly for 4 weeks and followed by once weekly for 4 weeks.

The patient’s depressive symptoms improved within days of beginning esketamine. The treatment also improved her sleep. Since depressive symptoms returned after switching to a biweekly dosing, she returned to weekly dosing.

Along with reducing depressive symptoms, esketamine provided pain relief from fibromyalgia pain. She rated her baseline pain as 7 – 8 daily on a 10-point scale with aggravations to 9 or 10.

After esketamine, she rated her pain as 2 – 3, except for a score of 4 on day 6 and a score of 7 on the 1-week inter-dose interval. The response lasted over a 10-month course of treatment. When doses were 11 or 9 days a part, the patient rated her breakthrough pain as 6 – 7.

“Our observations in this case and in our migraine patient noted above have led us to ask whether certain comorbid pain syndromes might favor earlier use of esketamine in some [treatment-resistant depression] patients,” presenters wrote in their poster.

References

  1. Fichtner, Christopher. Incident Pain Relief with Esketamine for Depression: Sustained Benefit in Fibromyalgia and Migraine. Paper presented at: American Psychiatric Association (APA) 2024 Annual Meeting. New York, NY. May 4-8, 2024.
  2. Zhang, Qw., Wang, X., Wang, Zy. et al. Low-dose esketamine improves acute postoperative pain in patients undergoing thoracoscopic surgery. APS 2, 5 (2024). https://doi.org/10.1007/s44254-023-00039-x
  3. FDA Alerts Health Care Professionals Of Potential Risks Associated With Compounded Ketamine Nasal Spray. US Food and Drug Administration. February 16, 2024. https://www.fda.gov/drugs/human-drug-compounding/fda-alerts-health-care-professionals-potential-risks-associated-compounded-ketamine-nasal-spray. Accessed May 5, 2024.
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