April 2015

Antibiotics Safe for Infants with Severe Bacterial Infections

April 23, 2015

Infectious Disease

Infants can be effectively treated as outpatients using antibiotic regimens in the case of parents refusing hospital referral, according to a trio of studies published in The Lancet and The Lancet Global Health.

Distinguishing Between Pneumonitis and Pneumonia: When Antibiotics Become Fatal

April 27, 2015

Pain Management

To prescribe or not to prescribe? – That is the question that practitioners face regarding antibiotics. While they can be extremely beneficial, the medication proved to be the deadly approach for one patient.

Pain in the Neck? FDA Updates Epidural Steroid Injections Guidelines

April 27, 2015

Pain Management

With the increasing number of patients turning to epidural steroid injections for pain relief, specialists with the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Safe Use Initiative gathered specialists to improve the procedure.

Perspectives: Remove Language Barriers to Ensure Best Patient Care

April 28, 2015

Cardiology

In a perspectives piece published in the April 2015 issue of JAMA Internal Medicine, physicians from Montefiore Medical Center in New York City underscored the importance of removing language barriers.

Does Folic Acid Therapy Reduce Risk for First Stroke?

April 28, 2015

Cardiology

Although stroke is the second leading cause of death globally, in China, it is the most frequent cause of death. Some trials and meta-analyses have found that folic acid supplementation has no effect on cardiovascular events in general, but it may reduce stroke risk.

Common Colorectal Cancer Treatment Not Linked to Better Health Outcomes

April 28, 2015

Gastroenterology

Researchers from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center reported a vast improvement in survival rates despite a decrease in primary tumor resection (PTR) to treat stage IV colorectal cancer (CRC).

Hospital Ward Antibiotic Use Associated with Infections

April 28, 2015

Gastroenterology

A team of investigators from the University of Toronto and McGill University discovered a correlation between hospital ward antibiotic prescriptions and Clostridium (C) difficile infections.

Impaired Muscle Mitochondrial Biogenesis, Myogenesis Behind Spinal Muscular Atrophy

April 29, 2015

Neurology

Research, led by Michela Ripolone, PhD, Centro Dino Ferrari, Universita degli Studi Milano, concluded that an altered regulation of myogenesis and a downregulated mitochondrial biogenesis contribute to pathologic changes in the muscle of patients afflicted with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), recommending that therapeutic strategies aim at counteracting these changes.

Diagnose this Patient's Rash

April 30, 2015

Clinical Pearl

A 50-year-old forest ranger noted this rash, which he thinks has been present for several weeks. He noticed a similar rash on his dog. It is itchy, with a raised red border and a clear center. It may have increased in size slightly over several weeks. He is otherwise asymptomatic. What is the next step in treating him?