August 2014

Analyzing Antimicrobial Resistance of C. difficile Isolates

August 28, 2014

Gastroenterology

Although ribotype 027 remains a significant cause of C. difficile infection, other strain types are gaining in prevalence, according to a study published in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy.

The Value of Imaging Studies for Acute, Nonspecific Low Back Pain

August 28, 2014

Rheumatology

When a patient arrives at a hospital or other urgent care center, there are seemingly endless tests that can be undertaken to appropriately diagnose the patient. A recent study reviewed the necessity of some tests, particularly in regard to acute, nonspecific lower back pain.

New Classification System for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Reflects Updated Assessment and Therapy

August 29, 2014

Pulmonology

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is the third leading cause of death in the United States, and of the top 5 causes of death, it is the only one that increased in incidence between 2007 and 2010, and our understanding of how to assess, manage, and treat COPD has advanced significantly over the past decade.

Recommendations to Screen for Hepatitis B

August 29, 2014

Gastroenterology

While the US Preventive Services Task Force does not recommend screening for hepatitis B virus infection in asymptomatic persons in the general population, a recent update focuses on identifying those who are high risk and should be screened.

Prioritization of Patient-centered Comparative Effectiveness Research for Osteoarthritis

August 29, 2014

Rheumatology

As the life expectancy of patients continues to grow, healthcare professionals are seeing a rise in cases of osteoarthritis in their case files and are charged with discovering the best treatment possible for them.

Swelling and Pain After a K-9 Encounter

August 30, 2014

Pain Management

When a patient gets bitten by a dog, there can be many issues doctors need to confront as treatment begins. Two doctors shared their experiences of a patient who was bitten by a dog and still had symptoms including swelling and pain 2 weeks after his K-9 encounter.

Probiotics Ineffective in Preventing Antibiotic-associated Diarrhea in Elderly

September 01, 2014

Gastroenterology

Although previous research has found probiotics can prevent antibiotic-associated diarrhea and Clostridium difficile diarrhea, a study from researchers in the United Kingdom and Germany reported contradicting results.

Risks of Marijuana Analyzed by National Institute on Drug Abuse

September 01, 2014

Psychiatry

The risks of marijuana are greatest for teen users, according to an analysis of current data from the National Institute on Drug Abuse published June 5, 2014 in The New England Journal of Medicine.

Low Dose Computed Tomography Scanning for Patients at risk for Lung Cancer

September 02, 2014

Pulmonology

The leading cause of cancer related deaths in both men and women is lung cancer. The 5-year survival rate of lung cancer is only 16%, as 75% of patients with lung cancer are presented with symptoms of advanced disease.

New Data Provides Physicians with Confident Weight Loss Recommendations

September 30, 2014

Editor's Letter

There is a wide variety of evidence to support benefits of low-fat diets versus low carbohydrate diets and vice versa. As of today, no one can tell us with certainty whether the well-worn dictum "calories in calories out" is really true. The National Weight Control Registry data give us some confidence in recommending that to lose weight most people need to alter their diet to reduce calories, and need to exercise on a near-daily basis.

The Increased Incidence, Risk Factors, and Prevention of Clostridium Difficile: A Q&A with Kevin Skole

September 30, 2014

Quick Consult

Kevin Skole, MD is a board-certified gastroenterologist practicing in central New Jersey, part of the gastroenterology division of Princeton Healthcare Affiliated Physicians, a multi-specialty medical practice based out of the University Medical Center of Princeton at Plainsboro (see www.princetonhcs.org). He discusses the increased incidence, risk factors, and prevention of Clostridium Difficile (C. diff) infection.