Nicoline Jochmann, MD


Pharmacotherapy for chronic cardiovascular disease in women

Cardiovascular drugs affect women differently than they do men because of differences in pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and physiology. Results of recent studies on the use of cardiovascular agents in women are presented, with an emphasis on the need to include an appropriate proportion of women in future studies, to adapt the dosage to the weight of the patient, and to incorporate hormonal aspects into the analysis.

Hugues Bourgeois, MD


SABCS Interview Series

The January issue of OBTN featured highlights from the 32nd Annual San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium (SABCS). We wrap up our SABCS coverage this month with interviews on denosumab with Alison Stopeck, MD, associate professor of medicine at the University of Arizona and director of the Clinical Breast Cancer Program at the Arizona Cancer Center; oral bisphosphonates with Rowan T.Chlebowski, MD, PhD, professor and chief of the Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-University of California, Los Angeles Medical Center; and adjuvant chemotherapy�induced alopecia with Hugues Bourgeois, MD, Centre Jean Bernard in Lemans, France.

Jean-François Bergmann, MD


Maintaining sinus rhythm after cardioversion of atrial fibrillation

We performed a meta-analysis of the effect of long-term treatment with antiarrhythmic drugs for the prevention of recurrent atrial fibrillation after conversion to sinus rhythm. We found that several class IA, IC, and III drugs are effective in maintaining sinus rhythm, but virtually all of them increase adverse effects, including proarrhythmia. In addition, class IA drugs are associated with increased mortality. The final risk-benefit ratio of antiarrhythmic drugs on clinically relevant outcomes is still unclear.

Jenny Powers


Loss of CD62L on T Cells is Associated with Risk of Developing Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy in Patients Treated with Natalizumab

Researchers suggest that monitoring for the loss of CD62L expression on CD4+ T cells is a biomarker for risk assessment in patients treated with natalizumab who may develop PML, since other treatments do not show this pattern of C62L loss of expression.

Clark Gaither, MD


11 Undeniable Truths About EHRs and Paper Charts

How do I loathe EHRs? Let me count the ways...

Bridget Barry Thias


Hyponatremia from a Nephrologist's Perspective

Anil Asgaonkar, MD, provides an overview of the signs, symptoms, and causes that are frequently associated with hyponatremia, and outlines several standard treatment approaches.

Achim H. Lauruschkat, MD


Undiagnosed diabetes mellitus in coronary artery bypass graft surgery

We examined the prevalence and risks associated with undiagnosed diabetes mellitus among more than 7000 patients who had undergone coronary artery bypass graft surgery. At the perioperative and postoperative stages, patients with undiagnosed diabetes showed a significantly higher morbidity and mortality rate.

Adam S. Harwood, DMD


Do You Ask Your Patients with Hypertension About Dental Health?

Providers should be aware that periodontal disease may hinder the efficacy of blood pressure medication.

Jill Trades, MD


Breaking Up Is Hard to Do

Being a physician means always having to say goodbye.

Katherine Hasal


Improved Outcomes in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C Treated with Sofosbuvir Velpatasvir

Treatment with fixed-dos combination sofosbuvir/velpatasvir yielded significant improvements in patient-reported outcomes.

Caitlin Lauer, MS IV


HPV Vaccination in Adolescent Females Not Associated with Increased Incidence of Sexually Transmitted Infection

The prevalence of HPV infection in US females aged 14-19 is approximately 25% and in females aged 20-24 it is increased to approximately 45%. Despite this high risk, in 2013, only 38% of females aged 13-17 have received all three recommended HPV vaccine doses.

Joel I. Reisman, AB


Study Finds Wide Variation in the Use of Testosterone Therapy among Veterans Health Administration Facilities

Researchers identify limited evidence base and uneven clinical application as probable reasons for variation.

Lincoln Abbott, MD, FACEP, University of Connecticut,


Bilateral Acute Angle-Closure Glaucoma

Bilateral disease is rare but may be caused by several drug classes. Physicians need to consider these medications and other etiologies in their differential diagnosis to ensure prompt and appropriate treatment.

the Preventive Cardiology Clinic, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH.


Should metformin be used to prevent diabetes in high-risk patients?

As outlined by the authors, use of metformin is an appealing option because it is safe, produces few side effects, and is a cost-effective way to target some of the defects known to contribute to the metabolic defects associated with diabetes.

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